View Full Version : Israeli Scientists Decode One of Last Encrypted Dead Sea Scrolls

01-30-2018, 05:41 AM
Israeli Scientists Decode One of Last Encrypted Dead Sea Scrolls

Members of the Qumran sect, who referred to themselves as the Yahad (‘Together’) community, were a fanatical group that lived a hermitic life in the Judean Desert. They wrote numerous scrolls, including a small number written in cryptic script.

The newly-deciphered Qumran scroll (dubbed 4Q324d) — reconstructed from 60 tiny fragments, some smaller than one cm2 — contains information about the most important dates in the sect’s 364-day calendar.

“This calendar was involved in one of the fiercest debates between different groups during the late Second Temple period,” said University of Haifa researchers Dr. Eshbal Ratzon and Professor Jonathan Ben-Dov.

“The lunar calendar, which Judaism follows to this day, requires a large number of human decisions. People must look at the stars and the Moon and report on their observations, and someone must be empowered to decide on the new month and the application of leap years.”

“By contrast, the 364-day calendar was perfect. Because this number can be divided into four and seven, special occasions always fall on the same day. This avoids the need to decide, for example, what happens when a particular occasion falls on the Sabbath, as often happens in the lunar calendar.”

“The Qumran calendar is unchanging, and it appears to have embodied the beliefs of the members of this community regarding perfection and holiness,” they explained.

The Qumran sect’s calendar describes two special occasions not mentioned in the Bible, but which are already known from the Temple Scroll of Qumran: the festivals of New Wine and New Oil. These dates constituted an extension of the festival of Shavuot as we know it today, which celebrates the New Wheat.

According to this calendar, the festival of New Wheat falls 50 days after the first Sabbath following Passover; the festival of New Wine comes 50 days later; and after a further interval of 50 days, the festival of New Oil is celebrated. [/cite]

Read on it is an interesting article.

01-30-2018, 08:04 AM
Annie Jaubert (1912-1980) did some detailed research on 4Q320, 4Q326 and 4Q328, fragments of the Essene calendar. It was a perpetual calendar, probably the same one used by the authors of Jubilees and 1 Enoch. Passover was always on Tuesday after sunset.

It could be a solution to the problem as to why the Passover that Jesus and the disciples observed appeared to be a different date than what the priests observed.

Check out Jaubert, Annie. La date de la Cène. Calendrier biblique et liturgie chrétienne. Paris: J. Gabalda, 1957. The Date of the Last Supper. Translated by Isaac Rafferty. Staten Island, NY: Alba House, 1965.