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shunyadragon
02-17-2016, 04:56 PM
An unprecedented and well preserved 7,000-year old compound recently unearthed in northern Jerusalem from the Chalcolithic period, or Copper Age, proves there was “a thriving settlement in the Jerusalem area in ancient times,” the Antiquities Authority announced on Wednesday.

Archaeologists from the authority discovered the remains, dating back to the fifth millennium BCE, ahead of the laying of a road in the Shuafat neighborhood.

According to Dr. Omry Barzilai, head of the authority’s Prehistory Branch, the Chalcolithic period is known in the Negev, the Coastal Plain and the Galilee and on the Golan, but has been almost completely absent in the Judean Hills and Jerusalem.

“Although in recent years we have discovered a few traces of Chalcolithic settlements, such as those at Abu Ghosh, Motza junction and the Holyland Compound in Jerusalem, they have been extremely sparse,” he said. “Now, for the first time, we have discovered significant remains from 7,000 years ago.”

During the Chalcolithic period, man started using tools made of copper (chalcos in Greek) for the first time, while continuing to use tools made of stone (lithos), hence the name given to the period.

Barzilai said the excavation exposed two houses with intact remains, featuring floors containing various installations, as well as pottery vessels, flint tools and a basalt bowl, which were all typical of the time. The construction phases and signs of their maintenance show that the buildings were used for a considerable time, he said.

Ronit Lupo, director of excavations, said the findings prove there was “a thriving settlement in the Jerusalem area in ancient times.”

“Thousands of years later, the buildings uncovered are of a standard that would not fall short of Jerusalem’s architecture,” she said.

“This discovery represents a highly significant addition to our research of the city and the vicinity. Apart from the pottery, the fascinating flint finds attest to the livelihood of the local population in prehistoric times.”

Moreover, Lupo said that small sickle blades for harvesting cereal crops, chisels and polished axes for building, borers and awls – as well as a bead made of carnelian (a gemstone) – indicate that jewelry was either made or imported in the area.

The archaeologist added that grinding tools, mortars and pestles, including a basalt bowl, attest to technological skills, as well as to the kinds of crafts practiced in the local community.

“We also recovered a few bones of sheep/goat and possibly cattle,” she said. “These will be analyzed further in the IAA [Antiquities Authority] laboratories, permitting us to recreate the dietary habits of the people who lived here 7,000 years ago and enhancing our understanding of the settlements economy.

Sparko
02-18-2016, 01:20 PM
neat.

Whenever they find things like this I wonder what happened there. I mean, people don't just leave houses and villages intact and go away, especially leaving their tools and things behind. Normally old structures are torn down and new things are built on the remains, and so on. So when they dig up a village, it makes me wonder if something happened there, like a disaster, or a war, or famine, that cause the buildings to be abandoned and tools and items left behind.

rogue06
02-18-2016, 04:53 PM
neat.

Whenever they find things like this I wonder what happened there. I mean, people don't just leave houses and villages intact and go away, especially leaving their tools and things behind. Normally old structures are torn down and new things are built on the remains, and so on. So when they dig up a village, it makes me wonder if something happened there, like a disaster, or a war, or famine, that cause the buildings to be abandoned and tools and items left behind.
Most likely war or the threat of war. We tend to look at the last century with wars that cost millions of lives and tend to think it is the most violent period ever but the fact is that a person was considerably more likely to die a violent death in ancient times than today.

Cow Poke
02-18-2016, 06:12 PM
Most likely war or the threat of war. We tend to look at the last century with wars that cost millions of lives and tend to think it is the most violent period ever but the fact is that a person was considerably more likely to die a violent death in ancient times than today.

Or extreme drought or some other massive crop failure....

rogue06
02-18-2016, 10:02 PM
Or extreme drought or some other massive crop failure....
That generally provides time to gather your things before leaving.

DesertBerean
02-18-2016, 11:09 PM
That generally provides time to gather your things before leaving.

....think Dust Bowl...?

shunyadragon
02-19-2016, 02:37 AM
Actually, this ancient village was under an existing developed area. Over time there was not any concern for older buildings, and they were simply abandoned or built over. This has happened many times over the millennia. Of course, wars and conflicts often destroy villages, towns and cities, and later settlements are built over old ones or moved. In the Middle East abandoned villages, settlements and cities are common. For many ancient settlements and cities, Climate change resulting in reduced rainfall and the increase in deserts and arid regions, and these were abandoned.

rogue06
02-19-2016, 05:25 PM
....think Dust Bowl...?
The folks that experienced it generally still packed up their possessions before leaving :shrug:

Sparko
02-19-2016, 05:51 PM
even if they left their stuff behind because of war or crop failure or whatever, it would have normally been looted in the near future of the event.

Cow Poke
02-20-2016, 07:50 AM
The folks that experienced it generally still packed up their possessions before leaving :shrug:

Aliens.

Sparko
02-20-2016, 06:14 PM
Aliens.egggzactly! :yes:

rogue06
02-20-2016, 06:33 PM
Aliens.

Ancient Aliens! Like the ones who built the pyramids :noid:

Sparko
02-21-2016, 05:22 AM
Ancient Aliens! Like the ones who built the pyramids :noid:no. the pyramids were actually cubes till mossy got mad at the pharaoh and used the Pin.

rogue06
02-21-2016, 08:21 AM
no. the pyramids were actually cubes till mossy got mad at the pharaoh and used the Pin.
So she had much better control back then?

One Bad Pig
02-21-2016, 04:03 PM
even if they left their stuff behind because of war or crop failure or whatever, it would have normally been looted in the near future of the event.
...unless what they left just wasn't worth carrying away. :shrug:

rogue06
02-21-2016, 06:08 PM
...unless what they left just wasn't worth carrying away. :shrug:
:yes:

At least in the case of war, you have someone who is half exhausted, lugging weapons and often a shield and armor, usually during the warmer times of the year, marching on foot often many miles from home. It just isn't worth it to carry off some tools, pottery and the like under those conditions.

shunyadragon
02-23-2016, 03:56 AM
even if they left their stuff behind because of war or crop failure or whatever, it would have normally been looted in the near future of the event.

In the reality of abandoned villages, towns, cities, settlements the world over. Archeaologists find objects such as these and even valuable items such as gold. Often when sites are abandoned due to conflicts and possible earthquakes, they leave quickly and abandon their belongings. Sometimes thngs are buried in hopes of coming back.

Super Cow
03-29-2016, 01:08 PM
Is this settlement consistent with a Canaanite civilization? From a biblical point of view, anything prior to 1500BC would be Canaanite, and prior to 3100BC would be anti-deluvian, and to 5500BC to the creation of Adam. (LXX) The Caananites called the city Salem (mentioned in the Bible in the time of Abraham), and was renamed to Jerusalem by Israel. There is no mention of whether the area was settled prior to the flood.