I am trying to work out what the phrase "the most good you can do" means in practice for me. I am an environmentalist, a human rights advocate, a vegetarian, and am deeply concerned about global poverty and wealth inequality.
The above stems from my commitment to utilitarian moral philosophy: A person is good to the extent they are benevolent towards others; an action is good to the extent that it is done with benevolent intentions; the consequences are good to the extent that they have effects of the kind a benevolent person would wish to see happen. To phrase it differently, we should try to maximize freedom and well-being for all (animals included to the extent that they share self-awareness).
I was raised Christian, spent a couple of years dabbling my toes as an amateur online apologist, spent several years blogging about theology, and spent 6 years researching and writing a book about the salvation teachings of Jesus, Paul and the early church, focusing on the New Perspective on Paul and the social-historical context of the gospels. I have some unusual views about the correct biblical interpretation of many passages as a result of my studies. My qualifications include a PhD in a science field, and an undergraduate major in philosophy, and I've published a few papers in a couple of fields in academic journals.
My favorite non-fiction books include:
Singer's The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism Is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically
Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-First Century
Dawkins' The God Delusion
Board games, fantasy books, positive psychology, effective altruism, moral philosophy, politics etc.